Ruposhi Bangla Hotel
The renowned international five-star hotel in Bangladesh, Ruposhi Bangla Hotel (former Dhaka Sheraton Hotel) is in the most prestigious location of Dhaka city, capital of Bangladesh.
Hotel Lake Castle
An Ocean of hospitality situated by the side of a lake with greeneries. Come and enjoy the comfort and hospitality from a group of highly experienced professionals. Hotel provides five star standard services at an affordable price.
Pan Pacific Sonargaon Dhaka
Pan Pacific Sonargaon Dhaka is a magnificent business-class hotel, ideally located in central Dhaka close to the Motijheel commercial area, Dhakas diplomatic area of Baridhara and Gulshan, Parliament House and the Prime Ministers Office.
Hotel La Vinci
The best western La Vinci Hotel Is A Joint Venture With Bangladesh And Italy. The New Three-Star Property Is A Luxurious Business Class Hotel With Majestic Colorful Architecture Design.
Westin Dhaka Hotel Bangladesh
Five Star hotel in Gulshan Dhaka Bangladesh. Nestled in the new business district, we are steps from renowned shopping malls, foreign missions, restaurant, art, private clubs, and multinationals. Near Airport International Airport.
An exclusive Guest House for international guests. It is professionally operated in a modern building with an eye-catching architectural design.
We are delighted that you have made a choice to stay at the Lakeshore Hotel and we extend a warm welcome to you.
Radisson Water Garden Hotel Dhaka
Sprawling over 7 acres of manicured grounds and gardens with water features, the Radisson Water Garden Hotel offers all the conveniences of a business hotel with an atmosphere and amenities of an exclusive resort.
Parjatan Hotels Bangladesh
Parjaton corporation is a government tourism organization and has nice affordable hotels all over the country. Bangladesh Parjatan corporation Hotels.
The Dhaka Regency hotel is one of the most exquisite, exclusive and magnificent business-class five star hotel in Bangladesh.
Grand Prince Hotel
Grand Prince Hotel is near the diplomatic zone and surrounded by a variety of authentic restaurants and shopping malls. It is situated in Mirpur-1, (beside of Grameen Bank) Dhaka, Bangladesh. 3 Star Rating.
Located in Gulshan1, Dhaka. Consists of experience, comfort, multi cultural value and achievement since your step taken at our premises.
Discover a new horizon of hospitality at rigs inn, an international standard residential hotel in the capital of Bangladesh.
Hotel Bon Vivant
Bon vivant Hotel is the newest and finest Business Hotel of world-class standard, equipped with all modern facilities to cater the Business traveler and visitors.
Hotel Pacific is located in the heart of the commercial center of Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is facilitated as 3 star hotel.
Hotel Kollol Coxs Bazar Bangladesh
Hotel Kollol is almost on the Bay at Coxs Bazar. From the balcony of this hotel, the beautiful view and roar of sea waves may be experienced. In Bangla the word Kollol means wave. Coxsbazaar Hotels Bangladesh.
Civic Inn an impressive hotel in Dhaka
Civic Inn an impressive hotel with the experience of more than a decade of its professional management which provides every modern amenities & comfort. Offers good facilities for the business executives, international consultants as well as a host of loc
Dhakas first Business Boutique Hotel, situated in the commercial hub of the city, situated near the diplomatic zone, very close to the Airport & business areas.
Seagull Hotel coxsbazar
Coxs Bazar, overlooking the Bay of Bengal (only 25 yards from the Bay water) and sitting in the laps of hills, Seagull Hotel offers deluxe accommodation in 182 well-appointed guest rooms and suites.
Listing of hotels in Bangladesh. Search able list by cities. A hotel directory of most hotes in dhaka, chittagong and other cities.
Furnished Apartments Bangladesh
Temporary housing, Short/Long term Furnished Apartments And Apartment hotels.
Long Beach Hotel
228 Room including Presidential Suite Honeymoon Suite and Premier Suite All the Rooms and Suites with individually remote controlled Air- conditioning system.
Hotel Zakaria Bangladesh
Three Star Business Hotel in Dhaka, Bangladesh, a bangladeshi low price hotel with fine restaurant, well decorated bar, business centre, doctor on call, fast food service, banquette, car rental service and other special discount offer for travelers
BRAC Centre Inn
A world class hotel at city center close to the diplomatic zone and business district.
Hotel Center Pointbd
Center Point Hotel welcomes you in Dhaka to make you feel at home. A team of Hotel Management personal is working round the clock to serve you better. Gulshan-2, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Ocean Paradise is a Five Star luxury hotel in coxs Bazar (Kalatali Road, opposite of Nitol Bay Resort). It is the largest and finest and real luxury International Standard Five Star hotel. Just visit for more.
The Peninsula Chittagong
Situated in the prestigious GEC circle of the Port City, The Peninsula Chittagong provides superior services combining western sophistication and Chittgonian hospitality in a scenic and convenient location.
Washington Hotel with 75 Rooms including Ambassador Suites and President Suites, Banquet Hall, Rosebud Restaurant Club and other facilities of the highest standards. We are ensuring a world class food and environment and we have become most popular with
Hotel Purbani International
1 Dilkusha C/A, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Phone-880-2-9552229, Fax-880-2-9562314
Hotel De Crystal Crown
De Crystal Crown is the luxurious first-class hotel. We believe the upper end of the lodging industry offers attractive investment opportunities in the long-term given the historically lower supply growth and the appeal of this segment with customers.
Located in the heart of Sylhet, Nirvana Inn is a perfect place for your stay in the town. We provide the perfect venue for any occasion, from top-end business meetings to an intimate dinner.
Agrabad Hotel | Best hotel in Chittagong Bangladesh
Agrabad Hotel is the best and high-quality hotel in Chittagong, its 4 star hotel in chittagong. Best Hotel in Chittagong. Its Business and Leisure traveler to Chittagong.
Hotel Dallas Sylhet Bangladesh
A contemporary hotel Situated near to the heart of the city, panoramic view from fifth and sixth floor, on the ground and first floor a shopping mall containing Tailors, Electronic and Variety of shops. On the second floor spacious restaurant.
Ideas Manzil Guest house Dhaka
Guest House In gulshan-2, Dhaka bangladesh. Each guest suite offers royal sleeping in antique four-poster
Praasad Paradise an international standard tourist hotel and resorts at Coxs Bazar with al boutique amenities. Coxs bazaar hotels Bangladesh.
A tastefully decorated boutique hotel with all modern amenities to make your stay cozy and comfortable. Located in the posh area of the city close to Gulshan Circle-1
Hotel RajMoni Ishakha
Appropriately named, the hotel is situated in the heart of the city’s most influential commercial and VIP residential area Kakrail, just 1 kilometer from the train station, while the Zia International Airport is 5 kilometers away.
Hotels and serviced apartments for better living and accommodation with all high facilities.
Hotel Lake Breeze
Enjoy the beauty of Gulshan Lake, Gulshan-Banani Link Bridge from the suite with quite and calm environment in the diplomatic area of Dhaka city.
Marino Hotel Dhaka Bangladesh
The Marino Hotel, located in the newest business and diplomatic enclave of Banani/Gulshan in capital Dhaka welcomes you to a perfect fusion of luxury, style and comfort.
Zastat Holiday Resort
Welcome to ZASTAT! Welcome to the complex, decorative and situated on the lap of green and hills! Just after the entry into the ZASTAT, you will find, in the left side, the beautifully built administrative building of the resort.
Hotel Fortune Garden Sylhet
Fortune Garden aims to provide customers with a unique and truly memorable experience. In addition, we will bring extraordinary value for your time.
Hotel Media In Bangladesh
Hotel Media International Ltd. is located on the sandy beaches of Cox’s Bazar (two minutes walk to the beach) and is committed to extend very cordial hospitality, optimum security and best possible services.
Hotel Sea Palace Ltd
Sea Palace has been constructed to develop tourism as an industry and to accommodate all categories of tourists from and abroad with optimum comfort, highest security and minimum expense. Coxs Bazaar, Bangladesh Hotels.
Sheraton Hotel & Resorts
Dhaka Sheraton Hotel.1 Minto Road, P.O. Box 504 Dhaka 1000 Bangladesh. The first renowned international five-star hotel in Bangladesh
Summer Palace Hotel and Aparment
Hotel & Apartments is an exclusive international class hotel conveniently located in the diplomatic enclave of Bangladesh and only 5 to 10 minutes drive from Zia International Airport.
Hotel Naz Garden
We are pleased to introduce Hotel Naz Garden – a unique international 4 star hotel. An oasis of luxury and tranquility in the heart of fast growing industrial town, Bogra.
Hotel Washington Dhaka
Washington Hotel have an identical outfit of individually hand crafted to our specifications in select tropical hardwoods for comfort, quality and beauty. All our furniture are hand polished with country style motives and decorations.
Dhaka Sheraton Hotel
The first renowned international five-star hotel in Bangladesh, Dhaka Sheraton Hotel stands proudly in the citys most prestigious location. Through our modern facilities and friendly, personalized service, we have become the first-choice hotel.
The dream destination. Babui Eco-Resort is one of a kind in the southern coastal region of Moheshkhali Island, Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh.
Laurel Hotel is a residential hotel established in joint venture between Bangladesh and Canada exclusively for the expatrates traveling in Bangladesh.
Luxary hotel at chittagong, CDA avenue Dampara, Near Bus stand.
Come to Sylhet and see your dream by staying in Hotel Supreme in Mirabazar. You can go to Hazrat Shahjalal (R) and Shahparan(R) mazar easily.
Bangladesh Hotel Reservation
Reservation.com.bd has the perfect, affordable hotel room for your next trip to Bangladesh. For excellent service and attractive rooms, …
Hotel Tower Inn Chittagong
Hotel Tower Inn International Ltd. is spectacularly designed and added with traditional hospitality of courteous.
Hotel Golden City
Hotel Golden City is located in the heart of the town of Sylhet, in Bangladesh. The hotel is conveniently placed in the heart of Sylhet.
To meet the growing demand for decent accommodation for visitors at a reasonable price in the sprawling Dhaka city-`Ambala Group’ has added their purpose built bed & breakfast motel at Dhanmondi area.
Asian sr Hotel
Asian SR Hotel is a new Luxury Hotel in Chittagong city of Bangladesh with 65 exclusive, affordable and prestigious rooms.
Hotel De Castle
Welcome to the evergreen Bangladesh, the land of opportunities. Stay amidst peaceful and comfortable surrounding at Hotel De Castle, Home away from home.
Bangladesh Services Limited (BSL)
At present, BSL is doing the Hotel business in the name of Dhaka Sheraton Hotel and runs VIP Lounge at Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, Dhaka (which is being used by the leading airlines as their business and first class passenger lounge).
Hotels in Dhaka
Touriffy offers 42 hotels in Dhaka , Hotels located in Dhaka. Best deals guaranteed for Dhaka hotels . You can search from all the Dhaka hotels with instant booking confirmation.
Hotel KL City Malaysia
This Is Hotel KL City Malaysia
Ocean Paradise Hotel
At Ocean Paradise Hotel & Resort, we invite you to start each day immersed in the natural beauty of Coxs Bazar, a fishing port and the town with the worlds longest natural sandy sea beach.
Bangladesh Hotel booking
We are hotel booking agent of Bangldesh
As the most popular touristic area of Quebec, Tremblant Village provide all the needed commodities. The Marriott Tremblant is one of the best hotels in Mont-Tremblant. To have a great stay the visitors choose a package at Marriott Residence Inn. Canada.
Hotel The Cox Today
Hotel The Cox Today is one of the best five-star standard luxury hotels in Coxs Bazar. Its magnificent and uniquely located along the worlds longest natural beach in Coxs Bazar and 10 minutes drive from The Airport.
Iqra beach hotel Coxs Bazaar Bangladesh
A three star deluxe hotel in Coxs Bazaar Bangladesh.
Hotel Amir Maymensigh Bangladesh
Hotel Amir International aims to provide customers with an excellent and truly memorable experience. Our room rates are unrivalled by any other Three star hotel in the country without compromising on quality. Excellent hotel in maymensingh, Bangladesh.
Coral Reef Coxs Bazar Hotel Bangladesh
Coral reef is a fully furnished international hotel located near the beach in Coxs Bazaar, Bangladesh.
Hotel Sea Crown
Hotel Sea Crown is a Three Star Deluxe Hotel spectacularly designed and added with traditional hospitality of courteous, attractive and personalized service and is conveniently located closest to the Beach
Resort Beachview Hotel
Resort Beach View is a little piece of paradise in the finest resort destination of the world – Coxs Bazar. It is located only 250 meters away from Sea Beach beside Kolatali Road, Cox’s Bazar. Bangladesh
Uni Resort Coxs Bazaar Hotel Bangladesh
Welcome to Uni Resort, the Cox’s Bazer most renowned of luxury hotel, resort and restaurant. Looking for a unique hotel experience? Look no further.
Longbeach Hotel Coxs Bazaar Bangladesh
Encompassing the spectacular views of Cox’s Bazar, Long Beach Hotel stands very close to the hills and sea-beach, offering world class facilities and exhilarating experience to its guests.
The most ancient Chittagong Buddhist Monastery was founded by the former members of Bangladesh Buddhist Association known as Chittagong Buddhist Association in 1889 on a piece of land in Nandan Kanan of Chittagong city. The Chittagong Buddhsit Association started its activities for regeneration of Theravada Buddhism in this part of the World known presently as Bangladesh.
The founder President and General Secretary was Ven. U. Gunameju Mahathero and Nazir Krishna Chandra Chowdhury respectively. It may be mentioned here that, Chittagong being the root of the origin of the Buddhists of this region the Chittagong Buddhist Association had been playing an important role in transforming the Chittagong Buddhist Monastery into a central Buddhist Monastery of Bangladesh. To build a well-planned temple it needs a pleasant place. And to buy a land it needs a handsome fund. It was then a tough task to collect fund for a uneducated, poor, superstitious, low-paid and tiny community. It was a absurd plan to build a temple by a single person’s or joint funding. Then they have taken a combined step to make a handsome and strong fund from the donation of devotee persons from the Buddhist and other community. The process of collecting fund had taken a long 32 years starting from 1872 to end of 1904. Ven. U. Gunamaeho Mahathero and Nazir Krishna Chandra Chowdhury was still the president and general secretary respectively and remained for a long time. The old aged and sick Ven. U. Gunameju Mahathero passed away in 1895 and the second Sangharaja Achariya Chandramohan Mahasthavir had become the new president of the association. Both Sangharaja and Nazir continued their best effort to build a temple. At first, they have bought the land beside the old Church road on the west side of Loyal road. But the land had been sold cause of its narrowness and small in size. Henceforth, the present land of Enayet Bazar/Nandan Kanan had selected for the temple. And finally the land had purchased from Mrs. Subhadra Chowdhury and her husband Mr. Radhakanta Chowdhury worth of Tk. 243.00 in 1899 by the name of the association. After the independence of Bangladesh, the Government has also given some more space of land adjacent with the present temple. Now the monastery is standing on the 2 kanhis of land. Initially, a single storied building was constructed part by part. But now the building has shaped a two storied with a small temple which is on the eastern side of the main building knows as “Buragoshai Mandir”. A very beautiful Buddha Statue was found at the time of excavation of a hill during the construction of the General Hospital Building and it was enshrined here during the British regime. Later on, during the Pakistan regime another beautiful Buddha Statue was donated by the Abbot of Wat Pakum Bhashichereon Bangkok Ven. Phra Dhammadhiraj Mahamuni. It was enshrined on a beautiful alter in the main shrineroom of the monastery on the first floor of the main building. The whole complex of the Chittagong Buddhist Monastery has come to the present shape by the donation collected from the generous Buddhists, different organizations of home and abroad and from Government agencies time to time. Considering the importance of this Monastery to the Buddhists of Bangladesh a Bow Sapling donated by the Govt. of Sri Lanka was planted by Gen. Ziaur Rahman, the then President of Bangladesh in the premises of the Monastery in 1978. Later on, a plot of land adjoining the monastery was also donated by Gen. H. M. Ershad in 1988, another former President of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh is the country of multi-religion, race and population. Beside Hindu-Muslim community Buddhists are a small community in this country and the number of this population is about above 1 million. The history and heritage has enriched and differentiated Bangladesh. So, Buddhists are an important community for this country. From 7th to 12 century, this Indian Sub-Continent was in a dark age for Buddhists and Buddhism. At this time the whole India stirred up by the religious revolution. Then many parts of Hindu and Vedic religious preacher appeared. From 7th century Sankaracharya, Kumarilbhatta etc Vedic religious preacher forced to the Buddhists to convert their religion to Hinduism by crucial torturing with the help of Kings of India. And after that again Hindu culture spread and many Buddhists religious books, Stupas, temples ect. had burnt. They also tortured many renowned Buddhist monks. Between these five hundred years there was also the oppression of Muslims in India. They too forced both Hindus and Buddhists to convert them to Muslim by taking Quran in one hand and sword in other hand. Actually, at the end of 11th century the Muslims established their reign in India. Before that, Muslims used to take the riches and resources from India by ruining the temples and other buildings and preaching their religion. About this incident Sir Charles Elliot wrote- “But where as Hinduism was spread over the country, Buddhism was Concentrated in the great monasteries and when these were destroyed there remained nothing outside then capable of with standing either the violence of the Muslims or the assimilative influence of the Brahmins.” At this time, falling in the opposite stream of Brahmin’s & Muslim’s religion, Indian Buddhists were not able to maintain their own religion. Most of them converted into either Muslims or Hindus. The whole West and South India became the area of Hindu and Muslim. For this reason at the last part of 11th century the original Buddhists, who wanted to remain in their own Buddhism religion, took shelter in Bodhgaya by advancing East side of India gradually. Seeing the same aggression there also, a group of pure Buddhists along with their family and some little amount of precious jewels ran away toward Aasam through present Rajshahi division. In that group there was also some learned Buddhist monks. At that time, in present Gouhati province and places beside it there was the power of Brahmins and Kumarilbhatta religion. The next priests and their followers caught those fugitive pure Buddhists near Gouhati and forced them to convert in Hinduism. The other Buddhists who were not been caught, disguised themselves and gradually advanced in the south-east side and reached in Chittagong division. It is worth of saying that, on the way of coming in Chittagong from Magadha or Bhihar through Aasam many of them died due to disease, being attacked by ferocious animals and starving for a long time. Present Chittagong division was them ruled by the Arakanese Buddhist King. His Capital was in Mihong City of Arakan. Chittagonians call it Pathorikilla. The ruins of East Palace surrounding 7 strong walls can still be seen here. As under ruled by Arakanese King, there lived many Arakanese and Moghs in Chittagong, Dhaka and Presidency division. The Buddhist people form Bhihar started to live with Moghs as they were also from the same religion. Here they had no fear of taking away their religion and gradually they made good friendship with Arakanese. Arakanese or Moghs used to call “Marmagree” to the people from Bhihar or Magadh. The word “Marmagree” means high caste and it can also be said that the people of Bhihar were the high caste because they came from that place where the Buddha gained his Enlightenment and became the Buddha. In the North side of Aburkhil village there is Moghdari canal and in South is Boriakhali. The Moghs dug the canal so it named Moghdari canal.
In the both side of that canal the Moghs lived. The name Boriakhali came from Baruakhali where on the both side of that river there may be Baruas lived. There are also many places like- Khulna, Cox’s Bazar, Ramu, Harbang, Palang, Teknaf and Bandarban where many Arakanese Moghs are still living. The people of Magadh or Bhihar are presently known as “Barua” in Chittagong. In this Barua group there were many pure Buddhists. They are called Barua Because they are from mainly Bhihar and also different parts of India. The word “Baura” means “Boro Arya”, that is highly respectable caste. Most of the Chittagonian Bauras were used to say many Pali words which prove that they were form Bhihar and no one of Chittagong use Pali words. The Bauras of Bhihar used to live in Chittagong after ran away from Bhihar. The monks started to establish monasteries & temples and from those old monks, more people started to take the wandering asceticism. Living together with Moghs, a good relationship had built up and sometimes started to marry with each other. Like this Baruas and Moghs have become one. For many years Chittagong is a frontier region. Here many was has taken place. Portuguese, Moghs, Muslims and Hindus had battles here. Chittagong city’s Anderkilla is the bearer of that history. Cause of living closely with each other Arakanese language began to practice in Baura community. Specially, Arakanese language is the language of king. Till now the people of Baura community say most of that language. Beside this language similarity there are many similarities between Baruas and Arakanese. But still Baruas and Arakanese are not the same community. In Barua community there is no discrimination of caste. There is appreciation of quality. In the field of education the Barua Buddhists are in a very advanced place in Bangladesh. At the time of Arakanese reign Barua Buddhists were used to do high official jobs. They also took different jobs in the reign of Indian Muslim Kings and gained several titles- Chowdhury, Mutsuddi, Talukdar etc. Some Sthavirs and Mahasthavirs were in the group of that people from Bhihar or Magadh. Gradually from those monks more people took wandering asceticism. This way, somehow Baruas were saving their Buddhism religion. As they were fugitive Buddhists, they were not able to bring the Holy Tripitaka which was then written in Palm leaves or bark of Birch tree. They were mainly tried to rescue/save themselves. So, the only resource of practicing religion was their memorized religious words. For that reason, the monks were not fully able to understand the substance of the Buddhism and later started to forget that also. Like this, not been able to understand any substance of the Buddhism, people began to attract in Hinduism in 7th century. Cause of this, the Buddhism was somewhat faded from the mind of the Buddhists. In this auspicious moment Sangharaja Saramedha Mahasthavir of Arakan Sangharaj Vihar came to Chittagong and started to pour the bright light of Buddhism in the Buddhist community. He came here in 8th century. Before that, for the lack of religious education the Buddhist monks of this region not able to lead themselves by abiding the rules of monk life. They used to eat foods after 12 pm. Then there were 3 classes of monks and they were continuously breaking the rules of monkship. Like this there was disorder of rules of Buddhism. After the arrival of Sangharaja Saramedha Mahasthavir from Akiab to Chittagong, he leered about the rules which the monks were following and told them to take upasampada (wandering asceticism) according to the original rule and follow them properly. From this Sangharaja, some received initiation newly. They are at present the “monks of Sangharaj group” of Chittagong. And those who were not received initiation they are now the “monks of Mahasthavir (Mathe) group” of Chittagong. At the time of Magadh Emperor Ashoka the wise Buddhist monks divided into eight groups for propagating the Buddhism in all over the world. Among them, Mahendra, Hattiya, Uttiya, Sambal and Vaddasal these 5 monks came to Burma or Myanmar. At first they propagated Buddhism in the Thatan region of Burma. That time the King of Thatan was King Manuha. Having a war with him the King of Pegan region King Anawratha brought the Holy Tripitaka from the capital of Burma to the Pegan City riding on the back of the elephant. After that the real Buddhism spread all over Burma. Near the Pegu City there was a large university named “Kaliyani Chong” or “Kalyani Vihara” like Nalanda. From here the Burmese civilization flourished and the Arakanese monks gradually initiated in Buddhism. And from these Arakanese Sangharaj monks the Sangharaj of monks of Chittagong re-initiated. Before going to Chittagong, those monks who were in that fugitive group of Buddhists, the Baruas’ are very greateful to them. Because, those monks saved the forefathers of the Barua Buddhists of present Chittagong and whole Bangladesh from many unfavorable situation. Presently the Buddhists not only live in Chittagong but also live in different regions of Bangladesh like- Rajshathi, Dhaka, Sylhet etc division. But mainly Bangladeshi Buddhists are residing from Chittagong division.
Chittagong has been a seaport since ancient times. The region was home to the ancient Bengali Buddhist Samatata and Harikela states.It later fell under of the rule of the Gupta Empire, the Pala Empire and the Vesali kingdom of Arakan till the 7th century. Arabs traded with the port from the 9th century AD. An account by historian Lama Taranath has revealed a Buddhist king Gopichandra had his capital at Chittagong in the 10th century, and according to Tibetan tradition, Chittagong was the birthplace of 10th century Buddhist Tantric Tilayogi. In the Fourteenth Century, explorer Ibn Battuta passed through Chittagong during his travels.
Sultan Fakruddin Mubarak Shah of Sonargaon conquered Chittagong in 1340. Sultan Giasuddin Mubarak Shah constructed a highway from Chittagong to Chandpur and ordered the construction of many lavish mosques and tombs. After the defeat of Mahmud Shah in the hands of Sher Shah in 1538, the Arakanese Kingdom of Mrauk U regained Chittagong. From this time onward, until its conquest by the Mughals, this region was under the control of the Portuguese and the Magh pirates (a notorious name for Arakanese) for 128 years.
The Mughal commandar Shayestha Khan and his son Buzurg Umed Khan expelled the Arakanese from the area in 1666 and established Mughal rule there. After the Arakanese expulsion, Islamabad, as the area came to be known, made great strides in economic progress. This can mainly be attributed to an efficient system of land-grants to selected diwans or faujdars in order to clear massive areas of hinterland and start cultivation. The Mughals, similar to the Afghans who came earlier, also built mosques having a rich contribution to the
architecture in the area. What is called Chittagong today also began to have improved connections with the rest of Mughal Bengal. The city was occupied by Burmese troops shortly in First Anglo-Burmese War in 1824 and the British increasingly grew active in the region and it fell under the British Empire. The people of Chittagong made several attempts to gain independence from the British, notably on November 18, 1857 when the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th companies of the 34th Bengal Infantry Regiment stationed at Chittagong rose in rebellion and released all the prisoners from jail but were suppressed by the Kuki scouts and the Sylhet Light Infantry (10th Gurkha Rifles).
Chittaong grew at the beginning of the twentieth century after the partition of Bengal and the creation of the province of Eastern Bengal and Assam.The construction of the Assam Bengal Railway to Chittagong facilitated further development of economic growth in the city. However, revolutionaries and opposition movements grew during this time. Many people in Chittagong supported Khilafat and Non-Cooperation movements.
1930 Chittagong uprising
Revolution was never far from the surface and one group of Bengali youths under the leadership of Surya Sen formed the secret Republican Army. He set up camps for revolutionary youths to train in guerilla tactics against the British occupation of India. The members of the revolutionary groups believed in armed uprisings for Indian independence to liberate India from the oppressive and exploitative British colonial rule. Their leader was Masterda Surya Sen. The group included Ganesh Ghosh, Lokenath Bal, Nirmal Sen, Ambika Chakrobarty,
Naresh Roy, Sasanka Datta, Ardhendu Guha, Harigopal Baul, Tarakeswar Dastidar, Ananta Singh, Jiban Ghoshal, Anand Gupta, Pritilata Waddedar, Kalpana Dutta and Suresh Dey. Also among them was 14-year-old Subodh Roy (d. 27 August 2006). He too was jailed in the Andaman Islands but released in 1940.
Surya Sen devised the strategy of capturing the two main armouries in Chittagong and then destroying the telegraph and telephone office, followed by capital punishment of the notorious members of the “European Club”, the majority of whom were government or military officials involved in maintaining British Raj in India. Firearms retailers were also to be raided; and rail and communication lines were scheduled to be disrupted. The plan was put into action at 10 o’clock on 18 April 1930. As per plan, the armoury of the police was captured
by a group of revolutionaries led by Ganesh Ghosh and another group of ten, led by Lokenath Baul took over the Auxiliary Force armoury. Unfortunately they could not locate the ammunition. The revolutionaries also succeeded in dislocating telephone and telegraph communications and disrupting the movement of the trains.Total sixtyfive revolutionaries took part in the raid, which was undertaken in the name of the Indian Republican Army, Chittagong branch. After the successful raids, all the revolutionary groups gathered outside the police
armoury where Surya Sen took a military salute, hoisted the National Flag and proclaimed a Provisional Revolutionary Government. The revolutionaries left Chittagong town beforedawn and marched towards the Chittagong hill ranges, looking for a safe place.
After a few days, the police traced some of the revolutionaries. They were surrounded by several thousand troops while taking shelter in the Jalalabad hills on the outskirts of Chittagong on the afternoon of 22 April 1930. Over 80 British troops and 12 of the revolutionaries were killed in the ensuing gunfight. Surya Sen decided to disperse into neighbouring villages in small groups and the revolutionaries escaped accordingly. Very few revolutionaries fled to Calcutta while some revolutionaries were arrested in Chittagong.
Many of the revolutionaries managed to reorganize the broken group. On 24 September 1932, 8 young rebels led by Pritilata Waddedar attacked the European Club. Twenty-two officials and 220 non- officials were killed by the revolutionarists in separate incidents during 1930-32.
The so-called “first armoury raid case” (i.e. The Great Chittagong Uprising) concluded in January 1932 and the judgement was delivered on 1 March 1932. The sentences were deportation for life for 12, three years’ imprisonment for 2 and the rest of a total of 32 persons on trial were acquitted. The Chittagong revolutionaries suffered a fatal blow when Masterda Surya Sen was arrested on 16 February 1933 from Gairala village, because of a tip-off from a traitor in the group. The traitor, Netra Sen, was stabbed to death at his home by the revolutionaries before he could collect his Rupee 10,000 reward. Masterda Surya Sen was tried and was hanged on 12 January 1934 after immense torture. His body was not cremated but thrown into Bay of Bengal by the British.
A Bengali movie Chattagram Astragar Lunthan was made on the Great Chittagong Uprising of 1930 or Chittagong armoury raid in 1949. It was directed by Nirmal Chowdhury. A Hindi movie, Khelein Hum Jee Jaan Sey was made on the Chittagong armoury raid in 2010. It was directed by Ashutosh Gowarikar starring Abhishek Bachchan and supported by Deepika Padukone. It was based on the book Do and Die: The Chittagong Uprising 1930-34 by Manini Chatterjee. Another Hindi film, Chittagong was made in 2010 and released in October 2012. It was directed by Dr. Bedabrata Pain, a former scientist in NASA who resigned from NASA to make this film. Manoj Bajpai was the lead actor and played the role of Surya Sen.
World War II
During World War II, the British used Chittagong as an important military base. Frequent bombardment by the Japanese Air Force, notably in April 1942 and again on 20 and 24 December 1942, resulted in military relocation to Comilla. Nevertheless the war had a major negative impact on the city, with the growth of refugees and uneveness in fortune, reflected in the Great Famine of 1943.
After the war, rapid industrialisation and development saw the city grow beyond its previous municipal area,particularly in the southwest up to Patenga, where Chittagong International Airport is now located. The former villages of Halishahar, Askarabad and Agrabad became integrated into the city.
The Chittagong Development Authority (CDA) was established by the government of East Pakistan in 1959 to manage this growth and drew up a master plan to be reviewed every five years to plan its urban development. By 1961 the CDA had drawn up a regional plan covering an area of 212 square miles (550 km2) and a master plan covering an area of 100 square miles (260 km2). Over the decades, especially after the losses of 1971, the master plan developed into several specific areas of management, including the Multi-Sectoral Investment Plan
for drainage and flood-protection of Chittagong City and a plan for easing the traffic congestion and making the system more efficient.
In 1971, during the Bangladesh Liberation War, Chittagong suffered massive losses in people and buildings given that they denied the occupation army access to the port. The first public announcement was made over the radio from the Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra located at Kalurghat, Chittagong. Following the independence of Bangladesh, the city underwent a major rehabilitation and reconstruction programme and regained its status as an important port within a few years.
|Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. With its colorful history and rich cultural traditions, Dhaka is known the world over as the city of mosques and muslin. Its fame attracted travelers from far and near throughout the ages. Today it has grown into a mega city of about 8.5 million people, with an area of about 1353 sq. km. becoming the hub of the nation’s industrial, commercial, cultural, educational and political activities.
Dhaka is located in the geographic center of the country. It is in the great deltaic region of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. The city is within the monsoon climate zone, with an annual average temperature of 25 deg C (77 deg F) and monthly means varying between 18 deg C (64 deg F) in January and 29 deg C (84 deg F) in August. Nearly 80% of the annual average rainfall of 1,854 mm (73 in) occurs between May and September.
Dhaka is located in one of the world’s leading rice and jute or natural rawjute growing regions. Its include jute textile industries, muslin and cotton industries and also food processing, especially rice milling. A variety of other consumer goods are also manufactured here. The Muslim influence is reflected in the more than 700 mosques and historic buildings found throughout the city. The University of Dhaka (1921) and several technical schools and museums are located here.
GENERAL INFORMATION :
Temperature: Max. Min.
Rainfall : 2540 mm annually.
Attractions of Dhaka
Mosques : Dhaka has several hundred mosques. Prominent are Baitull Mukarram-National Mosque, the seven Domed Mosque (17th century), Star Mosque (18th century) , Chawkbazar Mosque and Huseni Dalan Mosque.
Hindu Temples : Dhakeshwari Temple (11th Century), Ramkrishna Mission.
Churches: Armenian Church (1781 A.D.) St. Mary’s Cathedral at Ramna, Church of Bangladesh or former Holy Rosary Church (1677A.D.) at Tejgaon.
National Memorial : It locates at Savar, 35, km. from Dhaka city. The memorial designed by architect Moinul Hossain is dedicated to the sacred memory of the millions of unknown martyrs of the war of liberation.
Lalbagh Fort : It was built in 1678 A.D. by Prince Mohammad Azam, son of Mughal emperor Aurangazeb. The fort was the scene of bloody battle during the first war of independence (1857) when 260 sepoys stationed here backed by the people revolted against British forces. Outstanding among the monuments of the Lalbagh are the tomb of Pari Bibi , Lalbagh Mosque, Audience Hall and Hammam of Nawab Shaista Khan now housing a museum.
1857 Memorial : ( Bahadur Shah Park) Built to commemorate the martyrs of the first liberation war (1857-59) against British rule. It was here that the revolting sepoys and their civil compatriots were publicly hanged.
Bangabandhu Memorial Museum : The residence of the father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman at Dhanmondi has been turned into a musuam. It contains rare collection of personal effects and photographs of his lifetime.
Mukti Juddha Museum : Situated at Segun Bagicha area of the city the museum contains rare photographs of Liberation war and items used by the freedom fighters during the period.
Ahsan Manzil Museum : On the bank of the river Buriganga in Dhaka the pink majestic Ahsan Manzil has been renovated and turned into a museum recently. It is an example of the nations rich cultural heritage. It was the home of the Nawab of Dhaka and a silent spectator to many events.
Curzon Hall : Beautiful architectural building named after Lord Curzon. It now houses the Science Faculty of Dhaka University.
Old High Court Building : Originally built as the residence of the British Governor, it illustrates a happy blend of European and Mughal architecture.
Dhaka Zoo : Popularly known as Mirpur Zoo. Colorful and attractive collections of different local and foreign species of animals and birds including the majestic Royal Bengal Tiger are available here.
National Museum : Located at the central point of the city, the museum contains a large number of interesting collections including sculptures and paintings of the Hindu, Buddhist and Muslim periods.
Botanical Garden : Built on an area of 205 acres of land at Mirpur and adjacent to Dhaka Zoo. One can have a look at the zoo and the botanical garden in one trip.
National Park : Situated at Rejendrapur, 40 km. north of Dhaka city , this is a vast (1,600 acres) national recreational forest with facilities for picnic and rowing etc.
Central Shahid Minar : Symbol of Bengali nationalism. This monument was built to commemorate the martyrs of the historic Language movement of 1952. Hundreds and thousands of people with floral wreaths and bouquet gather on 21 February every year to pay respect in a solemn atmosphere. Celebrations begin at zero hour of midnight.
National Poet’s Graveyard : Revolutionary poet Kazi Nazrul Islam died on the 29 August 1976 and was buried here. The graveyard is adjacent to the Dhaka University Mosque.
Suhrawardy Uddyan (Garden) : A Popular Park. The oath of independence of Bangladesh was taken here and Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheik Mujibur Rahman gave clarion call for independence on this occasion on the 7th March 1971. The place is famous for its lush verdure and gentle breezes. Eternal Flame to enliven the memory of the martyrs of our Liberation war has been blown here recently.
Mausoleum of National Leaders : Located at the southwestern corner of Suhrawardy Uddyan, it is the eternal resting place of great national leaders, Sher-e-Bangla A.K. Fazlul Haque, Hossain Shahid Suhrawardy and Khaja Nazimuddin.
Banga Bhaban : The official residence of the President, located in the city . One can have an outside view of this grand palace.
Baldha Garden : Unique creation of the late Narendra Narayan Roy, the landlord of Baldha. Year of establishment was 1904. Located in Wari area of Dhaka city, the garden with its rich collection of indigenous and exotic plants is one of the most exciting attraction for naturalists and tourists.
Ramna Green: A vast stretch of green garden surrounded by a serpentine lake near the Sheraton Hotel.
Parliament House : Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban (Parliament House) located at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar has distinctive architectural features. Designed by the famous architect Louis I. Kahn, it may be called an architectural wonder of this region.
Science Museum : The museum is a modern learning center related to the latest scientific discoveries. It is situated at Agargaon.
Institute of Arts and Crafts : Situated in the picturesque surroundings of Shahbagh the Institute of Arts and Crafts has a representative collection of folk-art and paintings by artists of Bangladesh.
Sonargaon : About 29 km. from Dhaka. Sonargaon is one of the oldest capitals of Bangal. A Folk Arts and Crafts Museum has been established here.
Other attractions in and around Dhaka include the Institute of Arts and Crafts with its representative collection of folk art and paintings, handicraft shops. Aparajeya Bangla monument, picnic spots at Chandra and Salna, industrial estates of Tongi, Narayanganj, Demara, Tejgaon, cruising by country boat in the nearby river or a visit to a village to see jute cultivation, weaving and pottery making. Last but not the least travel by a horse driven cart or rickshaw along busy Dhaka streets is a rewarding experience.
Picnic Spots : There are good picnic spots in the area around Savar and Mirzapur. Other beauty spots connected by road with Dhaka include Joydevpur, Sripur, Madhupur, Rajendrapur National Park, Chandra and Salna, all of which have rest-houses that can be used by tourists on request to the Forest Department.
Bangaldesh Parjatan Corporation owns two picnic spots with Bunglows at Chandra and Salna which can also be hired by tourists.
Sightseeing Tours : Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation runs conducted sightseeing tours from its Tourist Information Centre at Dhaka Sheraton Hotel. The duration of the Dhaka City sightseeing tours is three hours approximately. The Corporation operates a number of other interesting sightseeing tours around the Dhaka City (Ph: 8119192). For the transit passengers the Corporation also runs special city sightseeing tours from from the Tourist Information Centre, Zia International Airport,
Golf Club, Kurmitola: Temporary Membership for tourists available, Golf, Rest. & Bar. Ph: 880-2-605301
Australian Club: Rd. 83, Gulshan, Membership to all Australians and New Zeaianders, Swimming, Tennis, Squash, Volleybal,
Swedish Club: Rd. 47, Gulshan, open to all Swedesh and their guests, Swimming, Squash, Tennis, Ph: 880-2-601043.
Netherlands, Recreation Cantre: Road 74, house 33, Gulshan 2, members must be Dutch, Swimming Tennis, Rest, Ph: 880-2-602039